HIV is commonly diagnosed using a blood or saliva test. If you think you may have been exposed to HIV, it’s important to speak with your doctor as soon as possible joanne fabrics – the only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. About 4% of the respondents had the misconception that sickle cell anaemia is an STI.

Other people have chronic hepatitis B, a lifelong condition that can lead to liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and occasionally death. Several strains of HPV are linked to cancer of the cervix, mouth, throat, penis, and anus. If you develop cancer, you will need treatment from a cancer specialist. Once you have herpes, the virus remains in your body for the rest of your life. You may be prone to periodic outbreaks of herpes lesions, but the virus can also stay dormant for long stretches of time. There are also medications that can shorten or prevent outbreaks.

There were equally misconceptions that STI can be transmitted by coughing/sneezing 119 (22.0%), sharing toilets 87 (16.1%), and sharing plates 66 (12.2%). The study population was SS1–SS3 students attending public and private secondary schools in Ado LGA. In Nigeria, students spend 6 years in the primary and 6 years in secondary school. The first 3 years in the secondary school are referred to as Junior Secondary 1–3 or JS1–JS3.

STDs are diagnosed with tests that identify proteins or genetic material of the organisms causing the infection. The prognosis of an STD depends on whether the infection is treatable or not. Use of latex condoms can help reduce the risk of contracting an STD but it does not eliminate the risk entirely. To determine the awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections among adolescents in Ado, South Western Nigeria. Five hundred and fifty adolescents selected from public and private secondary schools in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State were recruited using a multistage sampling technique.

Viral STDs cannot be cured, but you can manage symptoms with medications. There is a vaccine against hepatitis B, but it will not help if you already have the disease. That makes it kinda tricky, as people can be having sex without knowing they’re infected, which means the infection could be passed on and be causing damage to your body unnoticed. But it’s also simple, really simple to be sexually healthy.

Whether it’s a playful conversation or a more serious one, having a chat with your partner about condoms and getting regular STI testing is key to taking the worry out of sex and getting on with the fun stuff. When not treated, HIV can progress to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome . This can damage the immune system, making the body vulnerable to infections that can lead to serious illness. A pregnant person with syphilis can also pass it on to their unborn baby, which can cause a severe, disabling and life-threatening infection in the baby and sometimes, the baby can die from it. This is why a syphilis test is routinely recommended for those who are pregnant.

However, latex condoms and vaccines for Hepatitis B and HPV can significantly reduce your risk of contracting a STI. If you acquire a STI, you MAY be able to treat and be cured of the infection. Commonly curable STIs include chlamydia, trichomoniasis, syphilis, and gonorrhea. This paper reviews the extent of the burden of sexually transmitted infections in developing countries, with a focus on Africa, and the main strategies that can be used in STI control programmes. We present some of the evidence of the impact and effectiveness of key STI interventions that have been used in developing countries. We made use of WHO publications on HIV and STI, existing systematic reviews, and our own personal libraries.

This includes oral sex, although dental dams are also available. Condoms literally create a barrier between your skin and someone else’s, so that most STIs can’t get through. All of your sex partners within the last 60 days should be treated. If your partner cannot see their own health care professional, you may be able to get a prescription for your partner from your health care professional. Use a latex or polyurethane condom—Using a latex or polyurethane condom every time you have vaginal, oral, or anal sex reduces the risk of infection.

Learn whether they are reliable, how they work, and about some of the best options. WHO validates elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis in Cuba . In 2015, the World Health Organization confirmed Cuba as the first country in the world to have entirely eradicated congenital syphilis. Adverse outcomes include early fetal or neonatal death, preterm birth or low birth weight, and infection in infants. Organ damage means that tertiary syphilis can often lead to death. Treating syphilis before it reaches this stage is, therefore, critical.

It is possible to be an asymptomatic carrier of sexually transmitted diseases. In particular, sexually transmitted diseases in women often cause the serious condition of pelvic inflammatory disease. You can become infected with HBV via sexual contact or from blood-to-blood transmission. It’s also possible to spread the virus through sharing personal care items such as toothbrushes or razors. You can have HBV without knowing, putting you at risk of passing it to others. Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough.

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